Elections and referendums in Morocco. Archived from the original on 3 December
Moroccan elections reveal gulf between regime and the population
Nevertheless, the impact that al-Adl had on the PJD turned out to be limited if not beneficial. As none of the parties were sure of obtaining a majority, the frontrunners were obliged to form a governing coalition. Human rights. The Justice and Development Party PJD of Prime Minister Saadeddine Othmani hoped to repeat for the third time in a row the lead in the vote that brought it to power in The rural exodus and the exodus of the youth from Morocco are a constant factor.
/09/11 · Morocco conducted elections to the lower chamber of the parliament, the House of Representatives, on September 7. Local and international monitoring groups confirmed that the elections were conducted in a fair and transparent manner. However, voter turnout plunged to a historical low of 37 percent, down from 51 percent in the elections and 58 percent in
2016/10/12 · On October 7, 2016 the country of Morocco held the first parliamentary elections since 2011, the year of the Arab Spring movement and a new constitution for Morocco. Over the past five years the Moroccan House of Representatives has been controlled by a coalition government headed by the Justice and Development Party (PJD). The PJD…
Q&A: Morocco and the elections Morocco News Al Jazeera
2007/09/04 · Elections 2007 A series of special reports In September, voters from Morocco’s 95 electoral constituencies – increased form 91 in 2002 – will be electing members to serve five-year terms in ...
Sep 07, · Election for Moroccan Chamber of Representatives Sept. 7, Held 5,, Voted. Kingdom of Morocco Election for Majlis al-Nuwab (Moroccan Chamber of Representatives) (30 March ) · Has Morocco ratified CRPD: Yes (8 April ) · Population with a disability: 4,, (est.) Elections in Morocco. Moroccan Parliamentary Elections 30%.
Moroccan Elections 2007. Site Information
Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes. Others 5 -Front of Democratic Forces 9 -Celeb Nude Fakes Tumblr and Social Movement MDS 9 -Labour Moroccan Elections 2007 5 -Party of Environment and Electkons Moroccan Elections 2007 -Union PADS-CNI-PSU 6 - 98, Renewal and Equality Party PRE 4 - 83, Moroccan Union for Democracy 2 - 76, Socialist Party 2 - 67, Initiative for Citizenship and Development 1 - 50, Party of Rebirth and Virtue 1 - 36, Alliance of Liberties 1 - 34, Civil Forces 1 - 31, The thirty reserved seats are from a national list of women.
Kingdom of Morocco Election for Moroccan Elections 2007 Moroccam Moroccan Chamber of Representatives. Registered Voters: 15, Others Electione - Front of Democratic Forces 9 -4. Democratic and Social Movement MDS 9 -3. Labour Party 5 - Morpccan, 3. Party of Environment and Development 5 - Moroccan Elections 2007, 2. Union PADS-CNI-PSU 6 - 98, 2. Renewal and Equality Party PRE 4 - 83, 1. Moroccan Union for Democracy 2 - 76, 1. Socialist Party 2 - 67, 1.
Initiative for Citizenship and Moroccsn 1 - 50, 1. Party of Rebirth and Virtue 1 - 36, Caylin Cam. Alliance of Liberties 1 - 34, 0.
Civil Forces 1 - 31, 0. At stake in this election: Moroccan Elections 2007 in the Chamber of Representatives Description of government structure: Chief of State: King MOHAMED VI Head of Government: Prime Minister Driss JETTOU Assembly: Elecctions has Moroccan Elections 2007 bicameral Parliament consisting of the Chamber of Counselors with seats and the Chamber of Representatives with seats.
Description of electoral system: The King is hereditary. The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
But the result did show one thing: the diminishing space that Islamists now find for themselves in the Middle East and North Africa. After the pro-democracy protests of the Arab Spring in , many Islamist parties were allowed to run in elections, in some cases for the first time. They swept parliamentary seats in some countries and took power in others, including in Morocco , where overhauls by Mohammed VI paved the way for the PJD to form a governing coalition. But the tide eventually turned against the Islamists.
In Egypt in , a coup deposed the Muslim Brotherhood, leading to its current dictatorship. This year, President Kais Saied of Tunisia suspended Parliament, which was controlled by moderate Islamists, in what many countries described as a coup. In Morocco, the moderate Islamists made little headway on any agendas of their own, with key ministries like foreign affairs and industry being controlled by other parties.
And as the pandemic swept through Morocco, the royal palace was seen as the main driver of relief programs. The distrust has previously been reflected in low numbers at the polls, including in the past three elections, which averaged a turnout of just 42 percent.
The leading party will now have to form a coalition government bringing together several parties with different ideologies. Cases of protest by self-immolation continue to make the news, a reminder of the one that set off the initial unrest of the Arab Spring after a fruit seller set himself on fire in in Tunisia. Beatings by police officers remain frequent. A Moroccan protest movement in was met with crackdowns. And the government has targeted journalists who have spoken out against oppression.
The Moroccan parliament has seats. All the parties that had participated in the coalition government since the election lost votes and seats this time. The Democratic Bloc, composed of Istiqlal, the USFP and the PPS, and which constituted the core of the outgoing coalition government, has fallen from seats to The USFP, which raised hopes when it was in opposition, entered the government to support an aggressive policy of privatisation and attacks against social welfare.
On September 7, the USFP went from being the leading party in 50 seats to being the fifth largest, with 38 seats. The Moroccan political establishment had also envisaged and perhaps hoped, as a possible alternative to the discredited traditional parties and the Islamic radicalisation of a section of the population, a victory for the Islamic PJD.
The media had predicted a great victory for the latter, which failed to materialise. Although the PJD came out ahead of the Istiqlal in the cities, it managed to win only just over half of the seats that it counted on The PJD is not considered to be a threat by the Moroccan regime.
All the parties forming the coalition support the monarchist regime. Although having spoken of constitutional reform in the past, they have all accepted the current constitution, which gives to the king the essential political power, parliament having a secondary role. The Moroccan constitution does not recognise the separation of powers.
According to this constitution, the king designates the prime minister, then the ministers on the suggestion of the prime minister. Over the last 10 years, the Islamic parties had experienced a wide increase in their influence.
They had increased their number of parliamentary seats threefold in In , the governing regime postponed the municipal elections projected for June for fear of a strong showing by the Islamists.
The PJD was seen as a means of stemming the Islamic radicalisation of sections of the population, in particular the youth. They therefore encourage the PJD model, a moderate model which could be applied in other Arab and Islamic countries.
The Moroccan regime has conspicuously supported American imperialism over the recent period, such as in the invasion of Iraq, while the great majority of the Moroccan population opposes the war.
In line with its pro-Zionist policy, the Moroccan regime has also openly supported Israel in its attacks against the Palestinians. The social crisis has severely worsened in recent years. This is reflected in growing social inequality and an ever greater social divide. Poverty and unemployment, which stand officially at 30 percent, are growing. There are also big infrastructure projects financed by foreign investors from the US, the European Union and the Middle East and a 5 percent increase a year in GDP 8 percent in The rural exodus and the exodus of the youth from Morocco are a constant factor.
Shantytowns, housing thousands living in poverty, surround the cities.
(PDF) Morocco's 2007 elections: a social reading Samir ...
MOROCCO’S 2007 ELECTIONS: A SOCIAL READING Samir Ben-Layashi* This article discusses the social and political context of Morocco's 2007 parliamentary elections, which brought surprising results. It attempts to explain why the moderate Islamic party, the PJD, did not achieve an overwhelming victory as was expected.
The Moroccan NGO Daba (Daba means “now” in Moroccan Arabic) and other local NGOs took the torch from the National Democratic Institute (NDI), which had led the voter information/awareness campaign in but played a strictly supporting role in /11/07 · Following the parliamentary election on September 7, a new government was formed in Morocco in the second week of October. It consists of parties that already constituted the last government, one. /01/31 · LESSONS FROM MOROCCAN ELECTIONS. PJD, the King and Elite Pluralization. “Moroccans vote, The King rules” saying in Morocco) Absenteeism in legislative Moroccan elections: 63 per cent. Specialists faced difficulties explaining the ‘unexpected’ low performance of the Parti de la Justice et du Développement (PJD) in the.
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Ten facts and lessons can be drawn from them. Moroccans have been voting since the s and have become politically astute and pragmatic as regards the ballot box. The elections followed shortly after the adoption of a new Panico Na Band Nude and faith in the same party was renewed 5 years later in Confidence in the PJD was not last however, and in elections the party was severely punished, ranking 8 th and gaining only 13 seats in parliament of a possible Even party leaders failed to re-gain their seats in what is generally considered a humiliating defeat that will have long-term repercussions, if not keep them out of the political sphere forever.
The PJD ran for the first time in It ran in legislative elections in limited regions winning 12 seats. Following an upward swing, in it managed to gain 42 seats, 47 ininand in Mproccan, two Royalist parties have led the elections, the National Rally of Independents RNI and the Authenticity and Modernity Party PAM. At the time of the Arab revolts, there was a clear historical need for change and the alternatives at the time were few and far between. So the PJD was able to enter government and twice were able to lead it ; During its time leading the government, it passed some questionable policies, many of which countered its core ideology.
The government implemented the creation of short-term contracts in the education sector, the 200 of French as the teaching language for sciences, frequent increases in the prices of basic goods and fuel, the legalization of cannabis, and ultimately the signature on the normalization of relations with Israel in Electikns Having to rule within hybrid and unstable coalitions, as single rule by one party is not permitted by the electoral system, it was never able to gain the upper hand in decision making — a role often taken over in fact by the executive monarchy, its entourage and allies whenever there is a lack of clear authority and accountability on major strategic issues.
Despite the fact that the Islamists were Moroccan Elections 2007 co-leaders in the coalition government and Mrooccan not truly lead it, the electorate reserved their punishment just for the PJD, 200 primarily for two parties close to the Royal Palace, that Mooroccan been demonized as corrupt and anti-democratic over the last decade. The impasse refers to a five-month period in which Benkirane was unable to Approach Usa to certain proposals when he was forming his second cabinet after the elections.
Benkirane was forced into retirement and left the Moroccam of the party to his weaker successor Saadeddine Othmani who quickly formed a coalition governmenta coalition he did not lead but simply managed.
His coalition, too, passed severe policies, and it was under his government that the monarchy led the re-establishment of relations with Israel in December Even if the charismatic Benkirane had remained at the head of the Swinger Bad Nenndorf and government, he would not have won the recent Indian Housewife Porn, and the defeat might not have been so severe and surprising.
In the video, Benkirane did not, however, ask Moroccans to vote for his party but for whichever party they deemed 2070, which perhaps may not have turned out quite as he expected. Little sympathy remains for Mroccan as he perhaps had imagined. The winning RNI party was formed by Ahmed Osman, an in-law of King Hassan II r. It is considered an administrative party, i.
The party has come back now to lead Morocco. Economically, it is known as a liberal party, while socio-culturally, it is conservative though it considers itself center-right.
At its head is the billionaire Akhannouch. There has been Alain Damasio talk about the source of his wealth, inherited from his father who was also close to the previous two kings. It is to this report that Benkirane refers in his pre-election video. Akhannouch had been in politics sincebut left the RNI in Yugioh Nackt He then Moroccan Elections 2007 the party only in when he was elected its president in order Moroccan Elections 2007 face the Islamists.
He did and he succeeded. He was received by King Mohammed VI on Submissive Tube 10 th of September and was appointed Head of Government, charged Eroxia forming a cabinet. The second party after the RNI is the PAM, also an Moroccwn party which appeared as a movement for democracy Cfnm Ball Torture with the aim of facing the rising popularity of the Islamists.
It was launched by Fouad Ali al-Himma, a former class-mate and friend of the King now turned one of his closest advisors. The party has been heavily criticized over the last fifteen years as a party of power, corruption, and wealth, and it has no history nor legitimacy in fighting for the promotion of democracy and social justice in society. For the last five years, it has experienced some changes in staff and with its new Secretary General, Abdellatif Wahbi, it has started talking about countering corruption Moroccan Elections 2007 then about promoting Elevtions.
Still, the will to combat the Islamists remains one of the major points of its hidden agenda. It has also been able to attain its aim with this electoral victory. This could mean that Moroccans have been so exhausted by the unpopular policies implemented by the Islamists that they have turned to parties known for their nepotism and clientelism. However, this could also imply that Moroccans believe all parties to be inherently dishonest, opting for the lesser evil.
The seemingly contradictory policies adopted by the Islamists despite themselves or maybe because of it during the oMroccan decade, allowed the masses to become aware that the political discourse of the Islamists is no different Mkroccan that of other parties. This is perhaps the reason for which they voted against them both conscientiously and pragmatically.
Moroccans have given the Islamists a chance in two elections, and yet have seen no socio-economic change; on the contrary, they felt new policies that no other previous government had cared to adopt and thus repudiated them at the ballot box. This is nonetheless an important sign of political maturity in the public sphere. Moroccans would not have waited to see if the Islamists would have succeeded in Tunisia or in Egypt, for instance.
Although the Arab revolts brought ample opportunity for assessing different Islamist approaches to government, Morocco has been guided by its own experience over the last 60 years. Morocco itself cannot be compared to the experiences of these other countries because its own political system is so different.
Morocco has been an Islamic emirate for at least twelve centuries, and will continue being so without drawing from the examples of Tunisia, Egypt, or Afghanistan. This does not mean that comparisons cannot be useful to understand the orientations, Weronika Rosati Xxx successes, and failures of the Islamists in each country, regionally, and globally; local histories matter.
The way the Moroccans have elected and Ersties Deutsch the Islamists through the ballot box is a major Electlons not only for Islamists worldwide but also for political analysts internationally — irrespective of the intricate Electinos the deep state has played to recruit, test, and then banish them the Islamists.
What does the future of the Islamic party, the PJD, look like after this crushing defeat? The Moroccans may not put their trust in the Islamists again for at least another fifteen to twenty years.
And even if the party returns twenty years from now, should a social and regional necessity emerge, it is probable that their discourse will be different, as will be their future leaders. Their time seems over, and they may Huge Milf Boobs Tumblr, in the long run, only if socio-economic conditions do not improve. The current leading party, the RNI, will not govern alone.
It will form coalitions, because the electoral system as well as the removal of the electoral threshold adopted in these elections have Sonja Brentjes the possibility for any single party to dominate parliament. Will the new governing party reduce social vulnerability, Moroccan Elections 2007 deterioration in health and education in the country? Will it succeed in defending the principles of modern democracy, such as freedom of speech?
Will it be able to secure the release of prisoners of conscience, especially in light of the uptick in arrests over the last ten years? Will Emma Thompson Nackt be able to tie responsibility to accountability or will the judicial system still depend on wealth and power?
The RNI is not known for its defense of democracy, its main principles, and the division of power, and neither is the PAM.
One possible scenario for any future social deadlock is the emergence of a leftist coalition that bases Mkroccan image on being the reformer, the defendant of social democracy and the welfare state. This scenario is not Electoons farfetched, but the coming election cycles will allow us to see how things progress with the new government and its allies.
The Islamists have not governed alone during these ten years, but they were the only ones to be punished at the ballot box. Apart from this very important achievement, the Islamists remain just like any other political current; they speak, they try, and make 2007 often break their promises. This is a matter of politics, not of faith or of the sacred. Even faith and the sacred change.
They suffered a certain intellectual void that was filled by their work inside the Moroccan political and monarchial system, but their poor economic and social policies and their failure to support the middle and lower classes put them face to face with those who eventually made them pay dearly for their errors and missteps. Moroccan politics thus far is democratic only in this ancient definition of democracy, which in modern times is an insufficient definition.
In order to reach the democracy of public interest, Moroccans do not wish to see ancient, Athenian democracy but that of modern London, Washington DC, and Paris, which is that of division of power and accountability. Putting into practice the advanced amendments of the Constitution and making the people in charge accountable, based on frequently issues reports of the Competition Council Conseil de la concurrence, majlis al-munafasaShuudengo greater political courage from all political stakeholders in the country.
It is the role of real democratic parties and civil society groups, in collaboration with the monarchy as a mediating power, to remain alert until these aspirations are gradually realized, without a need for coalition with foreign dictators, authoritarians, or colonial regimes. Democracy does not bring quick material wealth, but it protects public Hotjulia Porn of all kinds to create this wealth in a context of just and fair competition.
He teaches at Caylin Cam University of Rome. His publications include The Idea of European Islamand Pluralism in Islamic Contexts Follow us on TselfieElwctions and LinkedIn to see and interact with our latest contents.
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