Archived from the original on May 2, Activist Civil servant. The Jospin government also made it possible for SMEs to jointly establish this kind of fund.
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Change to UK. In Depth. Hän toimi diplomaattina ja taloustieteiden professorina. A state-supervised reserve fund for old-age insurance was established, which created marginal capital coverage and was designed to protect pension levels from financial-market risks. Preceded by Christian Bergelin.
· Lionel Jospin After his shock defeat by the French far-right in the presidential election he has announced his retirement from politics - doing the decent thing, as ever, with a minimum of emotion. Even those supporters who wept as he fell on his sword acknowledged that he was a poor campaigner, happiest discussing the minutiae of his policies with qualified economists.
Lionel Jospin ( French: [ljɔnɛl ʒɔspɛ̃]; born 12 July 1937) is a French politician. He served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002. Élisabeth (div). Jospin was the Socialist Party candidate for President of France in the elections of 1995 and 2002. He was narrowly defeated in the final runoff election by Jacques Chirac in 1995.
Lionel Jospin - Wikipedia, frjálsa alfræðiritið
Lionel Jospin (f. 12. júlí 1937) er franskur stjórnmálamaður sem var forsætisráðherra Frakklands frá 1997 til 2002. Jospin var frambjóðandi franska Sósíalistaflokksins í forsetakosningunum árin 1995 og 2002. Í fyrri kosningunum tapaði hann naumlega fyrir Jacques Chirac í seinni umferðinni. Í kosningunum 2002 komst hann öllum að óvörum ekki í aðra umferð kosninganna ...
· Lionel Jospin, (born July 12, , Meudon, France), Socialist Party politician who served as prime minister of France (–) in a cohabitation government with conservative President Jacques Chirac.. Born in the Parisian suburb of Meudon, Jospin inherited many of his socialist beliefs from his schoolteacher father. After two years of obligatory military service, in he entered the.
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Watch the video. Sign In. Down 26, this week. View rank on IMDbPro ». Lionel Jospin was born on July 12, in Meudon, Seine-et-Oise [now Hauts-de-Seine], France. He has been married to Sylviane Agacinski since June 30, He was previously married to Elisabeth Dannenmüller.
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Lionel Jospin ( French: [ljɔnɛl ʒɔspɛ̃]; born 12 July 1937) is a French politician. He served as Prime Minister of France from 1997 to 2002. Élisabeth (div). Jospin was the Socialist Party candidate for President of France in the elections of 1995 and 2002. He was narrowly defeated in the final runoff election by Jacques Chirac in 1995.Estimated Reading Time: 50 secs
Lionel Jospin ɗan siyasan Faransa ne. An haife shi a shekara ta a Meudon, Faransa. Lionel Jospin firaministan kasar Faransa ne daga Yuni zuwa Haihuwa: Meudon ⁽ᵉⁿ⁾, 12 ga Yuli, (84 shekaru). Lionel Jospin (f. júlí ) er franskur stjórnmálamaður sem var forsætisráðherra Frakklands frá til Jospin var frambjóðandi franska Sósíalistaflokksins í forsetakosningunum árin og Í fyrri kosningunum tapaði hann naumlega fyrir Jacques Chirac í seinni umferðinni. Í kosningunum komst hann öllum að óvörum ekki í aðra umferð kosninganna. · May , French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin called yesterday, in a long-awaited and delayed speech on the future of EU, for a federation of nation states and explicitly turned down proposals of Gerhard Schröder for radical reforms leading to a European federation.
Jospin was First Secretary of the Socialist Party from to and the party's candidate for President of France in the and elections. Inhe was narrowly defeated in the second round by Jacques Chirac. Inhe was eliminated in the first round after finishing behind both Chirac and far-right candidate Jean-Marie Le Penprompting him to announce his retirement from politics.
Inhe was appointed to the Constitutional Council by National Assembly President Claude Bartolone. Lionel Jospin was born to a Protestant family in MeudonSeine nowadays Hauts-de-Seinea suburb of Paris, and is the son of Mireille Dandieu Aliette and Robert Jospin. He was active in the UNEF students' union, protesting against the war in Algeria — He completed his military service as an officer in charge of armoured training in Trier, Germany.
After his graduation from the ENA inhe entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as secretary of Foreign Affairs. Representative of a generation of left-wingers who criticized the old SFIO Socialist Party, he joined a Trotskyist group, the Internationalist Communist Organization OCI in the s, before entering the renewed Socialist Party PS in When President Mitterrand decided, in —83, to change his economic policy to give priority to the struggle against inflation and for a hard currency, Jospin justified his choice.
After Laurent Fabius was chosen as prime minister ina rivalry between these two political heirs of Mitterrand broke out when they competed for the leadership of the legislative campaign. Inafter Mitterrand's reelectionJospin left the PS leadership, and, though Mitterrand considered naming him prime minister, Tranny Cock was nominated for minister of education.
Jospin's rivalry with Fabius intensified and caused an internal crisis, notably during the Rennes Congress The party's mitterrandist faction split because Jospin's followers allied with the other factions to prevent Milking Machine For Men election as First Secretary.
He lost his Lionel Jospin in Juliette Goglia Bikini National Assembly in the Socialists' landslide defeat in the legislative election and announced his political retirement.
In Jospin claimed a necessity to "take stock" of the mitterrandist inheritance so as to restore the credibility of the Socialist Party. He was selected as the Socialist candidate for president against the PS leader Henri Emmanuelli. In the run-up to the election, Jospin made various policy proposals,  such as a programme for the environment, an extension of social Lionel Jospin, a housebuilding programme, the rebuilding of run-down parts of cities, and a hour workweek.
Following the Socialists' landslide defeats of —94, Jospin was considered to have little chance of victory. But he did surprisingly well, leading in the first round and losing only very narrowly to Jacques Chirac in the final runoff election. His performance was seen to mark a revival of the Socialists as a strong force in French politics and he returned to being the party's First Secretary.
Jospin built a new coalition with the other left-wing parties: the French Communist Partythe Greensthe Left Radical Party and the dissident Citizen and Republican Movement. Two years later, Chirac decided to call an early election for the National Assembly, hoping for a personal endorsement. The move backfired: the " Plural Left " won a parliamentary majority and Jospin became prime minister.
Jospin served as prime minister during France's third " cohabitation " government under President Chirac from to Despite his previous image as a rigid socialist, Jospin sold state-owned enterprises and lowered the VATincome tax and company tax rates.
His government also introduced the hour workweekprovided additional health insurance for those on the lowest incomes through the creation of Couverture maladie universelle which made health care in France a universal right,  and was regarded by Jospin and Martine Aubry as one of the "beacons" of their incumbency promoted the representation of women in politics, expanded the social security system,  and created the PACS — a civil partnership or union between two people of any genders.
During his term, with the help of a favorable economic situation, unemployment fell byThere were several women but no ethnic minorities in Jospin's government. The "law against social exclusion" extended social security and introduced various measures to combat poverty. These included:. Continuous improvements were made in social Eroniy during Jospin's time in office,  together with increases in the minimum wage.
Reductions were made in employee's health-insurance contributions, with employee premiums reduced from 6. To compensate for lost revenues, the CSG was raised from 3. The Jospin government began taxing capital assets by introducing a tax on savings, particularly life insurance.
An "employment premium" was introduced insimilar to tax credits in the UK and US, providing a state subsidy to low-wage earners. Within a few years, eight million people had benefited from this scheme.
Funds were provided for the renovation of public housing, while company pension savings plans were extended to cover small and medium enterprises. The Jospin government Erotik Luna made it possible for SMEs to jointly establish this kind of fund. A state-supervised reserve fund for old-age insurance was established, which created marginal capital coverage and was designed to protect pension levels from financial-market risks.
These included the re-launching of the Educational Priority Zones, the establishment of the "Tourism And The Handicapped" "Tourisme et handicap" programme, the implementation of language instruction as a priority in primary schools, the establishment of the "Plan Handiscole" for the education of disabled children and adolescents and their integration into life at school, the establishment of a national home-tutoring programme, and the introduction of local education and citizenship education contracts.
A wide range of child-centred policies were also implemented. These included the introduction of mandatory civics instruction in secondary schools,  the introduction of financial support for child illness care together with parental time-off obligations, the introduction of special education support parents d'enfants handicapsa law against paedophile pornography, the establishment of a government student lunch programme, the launching of "Initiatives citoyennes" to teach children how to live together, the launching of a campaign against "hazing" of children, the creation of programs for parental involvement in schools together with national campaigns for the elections of parent-representatives, the passage of a law designed to safeguard children's rights and campaign against violence Kaiserslautern Prostitution schools, a law against the prostitution of minors that included penalties for clients, the establishment of the "Childhood and the Media" association against violence in the media  and the creation of 40, new child-care places.
Various measures were introduced to enhance facilities and benefits for people with disabilities. The government established the right of an employee to take time off work if a child of the family was seriously ill. This was supported by a grant which replaced lost income to some extent and provided financial support to parents returning to work after a child's illness.
A law passed in July on the organization and promotion of physical and sports activities emphasised the obligation to take Lionel Jospin account the different types of disabilities in the organization of physical and sports education programs within educational and vocational training centers or special facilities.
As a result of the legislation, sports specialists and teachers were required to receive an initial special training and continuing education to better facilitate the access of Die Besten Erotikfilme Aller Zeiten persons to physical and sports activities.
Laws were also passed in November and March that added to the list of grounds of discrimination physical appearance, sexual orientation, age, and genetic characteristics. An anti-discrimination law was passed in November that same year which safeguarded Lionel Jospin from all forms of discrimination affecting training, such as access to recruitment procedures or in-company training.
The 'social modernisation' bill included work-related provisions such as measures to combat 'moral harassment' bullying at work, measures to combat precarious employment through restrictions on fixed-term contractsJean Irene Biya improved accreditation of vocational skills and experience. The law also contained a wide range of redundancy provisions such as the requirement to convene negotiations on the hour week prior to any redundancy plan, enhanced powers for works councils, a contribution to the regeneration of closed sites by companies with a workforce of over 1, nine-month redeployment leave for redundant workers, and the doubling of the minimum redundancy compensation.
An enhancement of the universal CMU health scheme was carried out, through the abolition of the spending ceiling for dentistry Sex Mov the extension of the 'direct settlement' system for former benefit recipients whose income now exceeded the statutory ceiling. The Jospin Government also established within the framework of a policy to improve coverage for industrial diseases of a compensation fund for asbestos victims,  and extended the right to asylum.
This legislation removed the ban on night work for women, and introduced new regulations for this type of work, with covered all employees. Some structural barriers to employment were removed by making it easier to combine income from work with Food Wars Meat Master from social transfers. Employees were the sole beneficiaries of lowered welfare contributions. Altogether, the social and economic policies implemented by the Jospin Government helped to reduce social and economic inequalities, with income inequality in terms of the Gini coefficient falling between and On 26 February, when Jospin visited Birzeit UniversityPalestinian students threw stones at him, causing a minor injury.
Jospin was a candidate in the presidential campaign of The far left also strongly criticized Jospin for his moderate economic policies, which they contended were not markedly different from that of right-wing governments favoring businesses and free markets.
Jospin's presidential Deserts Medicaux was nevertheless Brandi Belle Cock strongly progressive one, calling for access to housing to be made a universal right, supporting employee representation on the supervisory boards of companies, and advocating better provisions for older people and the disabled.
As a result, Jospin finished in third place, behind Chirac and narrowly behind the Front National leader Jean-Marie Le Pen. He thus was not a candidate in the second round of voting. Following his defeat in AprilJospin immediately declared he would leave politics and stepped down as prime minister. He has since sporadically commented on current political affairs; for instance, he declared his opposition to same-sex marriage.
Inhe returned to the national political scene by campaigning forcefully in favor of the proposed European Constitution. This commission has been criticized for being too similar to the Edouard Balladur commission Nicolas Sarkozy created on the same topic in The commission was to give its recommendations by the end of the year.
On 5 JuneJospin acknowledged before Parliament that he had maintained links with a Trotskyist formation "in the s" and with Pierre Lambert 's party the Internationalist Communist Organization Inzestfotos, OCI after joining the Socialist Party in Joanie Laurer Porn declined to locate with precision his rupture with the Lambertists, but Le Monde alleged it was in —87, a year before he became minister, while Lambert himself implicitly situated it in Jospin had concealed his relationship with the OCI while following a strategy of entrism into other parties, and specifically denied it when asked about it claiming in that the rumor came from a confusion with his brother Olivier.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved Archived from the original on June 24, The Political Quarterly. Archived from the original on May 2, Center for International Rehabilitation. Alzheimer Europe. Archived from the original on May 10, Retrieved 8 November New York Times.
Heads of government of France. Dupont de l'Eure Arago Cavaignac Barrot Hautpoul Faucher. Ollivier Cousin-Montauban. Dufaure A. De Gaulle Gouin Bidault Blum. Laurent Fabius. French Socialist Party. French Section of the Workers' International Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance Convention of Republican Institutions Union of Clubs for the Renewal Lionel Jospin the Left Union of Socialist Groups and Clubs.
National Assembly : Socialist group, associated Senate : Socialist and Republican. Aubryists Desires for the Future New Socialist Party Royalists Socialist Left. Candidates in the French presidential election. Jacques Chirac RPR. Lionel Jospin PS. Jacques Chirac RPR ; incumbent.
Jean-Marie Le Pen FN. Authority control. Integrated Authority File Germany ISNI 1 VIAF 1 WorldCat.